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Queen Victoria Essays, Proofs and Trials

Introduction

This display constitutes the sheets from Peter Young's remarkable collection of Victorian essays, proofs, colour trials and like material.

The collection itself has now been sold at Grosvenor Auctions across three sales:


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Frame 1

THE 1879-80 TENDER
  1. Perkins Bacon & Tenders of 1879-80
  2. The Other Head Dies
  3. Essays for One Penny
  4. The 36-Unit Plate
  5. The Plate of 36 Units is Known in Three States
  6. The Typographic Plate of 13-5-79
  7. Perforation 'Trials'
  8. Reprints
  9. The 120-Unit Plate
  10. The 120-Unit Plate
  11. Experiments for Other Values
  12. Printers Sample
  13. The Head Die for Other Values
  14. The Tender for Other Low Values 1880
  15. The 36-Unit Plate - Second Setting
  16. The Submitted Essays
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Frame 2

THE 1879-80 TENDER (cont)
  1. Other Essays in Die Proof Form - Not Cut Down
  2. Possible Colour Trials
  3. From the Composite Plate of 24
  4. On Yellowish Paper - Perf 12½
  5. Later Plates
  6. Later Plates
  7. De La Rue's Overprints on Perkins Bacon's Work
  8. Make-Ready or Decoupage
  9. The Second Decoupage Plate of Three 2d Dies
  10. Essays Produced by Waterlow & Sons
  11. Bradbury Wilkinson
  12. Bradbury Wilkinson
  13. Essays by McCorquodale & Co
  14. Essays by McCorquodale & Co
  15. Essays by McCorquodale & Co
  16. Essays by McCorquodale & Co
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Frame 3

THE 1879-80 TENDER (cont)
  1. Essays Produced by Charles Skipper & East
  2. Experiments for More Fugitive Inks
  3. Essays Produced by Charles Skipper & East
  4. Essays Produced by Charles Skipper & East
  5. Dummy Stamps - Recess Printed
  6. Comparisons with De La Rue's Singly Fugitive Ink
  7. James Truscott Invited to Tender But Declined, Harrisons Were Not Invited
  8. Bradbury Wilkinson
  9. Ink Recipes
  10. The 'AA' Essays & Artists Drawings
  11. Experiments for Surface Printed Stamps
  12. The Line Engraved Submission of 15-2-79
  13. The Submissions for the One Penny Contract
  14. The Use by Perkins Bacon of a No.4 Frame
1880-90 PROOFS, TRIALS ETC
  1. The Consolidated Contract of 1880
  2. Essays in Colour Proof Form
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Frame 4

1880-90 PROOFS, TRIALS ETC (cont)
  1. The Colour Trials of March 1881
  2. The Experiments and Trials of February-March 1881
  3. An Experimental Die - A Solid Steel Plate
  4. The Large Head Punch 238 and its Derivatives
  5. The Unified Issue of 1883
  6. The Colours of De La Rue's Oleaginous Lithographic Inks
  7. The Effect on Design of the Letter Plugs
  8. Colour Standards
  9. Trials and Essays in Colour for the Stamp Committee of 1884
  10. The First Die After Being Used to Strike Leads for 34 Plates Made
  11. The De La Rue Scheme for Coloured Papers of June 1884
  12. Standard Combinations - From Lower Panes
  13. The Imperforate Copies
  14. Non-Standard Combinations
  15. Singly Fugitive Inks
  16. Singly Fugitive Inks
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Frame 5

1880-90 PROOFS, TRIALS ETC (cont)
  1. The 'Pink Paper' Trials for Ink Shade
  2. Trial Cancellations
  3. A Prospective Issue
  4. Trials Without Corner Letters
  5. The Second and Third Dies
  6. The Relationship Between Ink Colour and Printing Method
  7. Essays for Embossed Stamps
  8. Recording Press Dies
  9. The Britannia Head Embossing Dies
  10. Ink Characteristics for Embossing
  11. Experiments Using Embossed Stamps, 1885
  12. Colour Samples 'Large Head' Dummy Stamps
  13. Large Head with Solid Ground
  14. The Experimental Small Head Dies
  15. The 1885-86 Experimental Head Dies
  16. The Reserve Plates
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Frame 6

1880-90 PROOFS, TRIALS ETC (cont)
  1. 'DLR T1'
  2. The Minerva Head Essays
  3. The Minerva Head Essays
  4. Experiments for the Stamp Committee - Experimental Head Die
  5. Experiments for the Stamp Committee - Jeffreys Scheme
  6. A Later Proof After Repair
  7. Colour Trials for a 1/- Denomination in 1899
  8. Some Colour Trials for Other Denominations
  9. Colour Trials for a 1/- Denomination in 1899
  10. Colour Trials in Green, 1888
  11. Proofs from the Striking Ledgers for the Other Values
  12. A 'Substituted' Pane
  13. Bicoloured Stamps Printed from Duty and Key Plates
  14. The Printer's Rule and Interpanneau Bars
  15. Summary: Changes in the Purpose of Colour Trials
  16. The Ink Recipes of 1880
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Frame 7

1880-90 PROOFS, TRIALS ETC (cont)
  1. The 'After Striking' Proofs
  2. Colour Samples: The Probate-Size Dummy Stamp
  3. Colour Trials of the 1880 Issue
FISCAL, STATIONERY, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROOF MATERIAL
  1. De La Rue's Other Work - Bookmark Printed on Silk
  2. The Heads of Daniel Pound
  3. Changes in Engraving Required by New Technology
  4. Proofs Bearing Engraver's Records
  5. Proofs Bearing Engraver's Records
  6. The Printing Ink Ledgers
  7. De La Rue Colour Samples: The King of Portugal's Head Dummy Stamps
  8. Colour Samples: The Probate-Size Dummy Stamp
  9. Colour Samples: The Probate-Size Dummy Stamp
  10. The December 1876 S.F.I. Trials
  11. Colour Standards and Colour Proofs
  12. Colour Standards
  13. Playing Cards
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Frame 8

FISCAL, STATIONERY, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROOF MATERIAL (cont)
  1. Essays for Overprints for Use in China and Japan in 1886
  2. Essays for Overprints in Colour
  3. Trials for Coloured Overprints
  4. The 3d Post Cards
  5. Post Card Type II
  6. Designs with Substantial 'Opening Out': Stationery Items
  7. The Use of Steels
  8. The Newspaper Wrapper, Head Die 232
  9. De La Rue and Colour, 1879-1901
  10. The U.P.U. Specifications for Colour
  11. Other Work - Line Engraved
  12. A Printer's Sample for Doubly Fugitive Colour
  13. De la Rue's Aniline Purple Inks
  14. Colour Standards
  15. Some Aspects of Stamp Production, 1880-1902: Prior to the Consolidated Contract
  16. The December 1876 S.F.I. Trials
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Frame 9

FISCAL, STATIONERY, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROOF MATERIAL (cont)
  1. Colour for Short Term Use
  2. The Selection of Orange Ink for the £5 Postage Stamp
  3. A Sample of Colour as a Gift
  4. The Telegraph Colour Trials
  5. The Experimental Dies
  6. Designing the Frame
  7. Precursors - The Head Dies of 1879
  8. The 1878 Experimental Head Dies
  9. 1878 Head Die 2 - May 20th to 21st
  10. 1878 Head Die 3 - May 29th to 30th
  11. 1878 Head Die 3 - May 29th to 30th
  12. The Tender for the Contract for the 1d, May 1879
  13. The Card Submitted by De La Rue for the Tender
  14. The Inland Revenue Colour Trials: The De La Rue Tender for the Contract, May 1879
  15. The Tender for the Contract for Other Values, 1880
  16. The Universal Postal Union Requirements
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Frame 10

FISCAL, STATIONERY, AND MISCELLANEOUS PROOF MATERIAL (cont)
  1. The Production of an Issue - Artist's Drawings
  2. The Issue of 1880: Imprimaturs in Issued Colours
  3. The Production of an Issue - Artist's Drawings
  4. The Production of an Issue - Artist's Drawings
  5. The Sequence of Proofs Kept as Records