Post Office Act 1835 - 5 & 6 Will 4 c.25

This section consists of the actual texts of Acts of Parliament relating to postal matters.

Until 1969, the Post Office was a government department, with the Postmaster-General as a Cabinet-level Ministerial position. Major changes to Post Office operations - such things as postal rates and new services - originally had to be specifically authorised by an Act of Parliament, often going into significant detail. The system gradually developed over time and Acts would authorise many routine changes - e.g. new postal rates - to be made by Treasury Warrant.

It should perhaps be pointed out that the Acts are legal definitions and are often written in a style that takes some parsing - clauses are frequently in the form of a single multi-part sentence, and these can sometimes stretch out for a page or more! Since the point is to provide original sources in electronic text form that can be cut and pasted, etc, no attempt has been made to split these up. Likewise, the original spellings have been retained (except for the replacement of long "s" with short).

The original formatting, if more than just a block of text, has been copied as closely as possible - although it was not practical to try to capture every nuance of the typesetting exactly (especially as this can vary between printings of the Acts). There should however be no substantive differences that would affect the meaning due to this factor. The marginal summary notes not part of the actual text are generally not included, but where they are they have been made into links to the appropriate clause.

Many thanks to Andrea Rossignoli, who first prepared a number of these texts from image-based versions in PDF files, and kindly allowed us to use them here. They can also be found on his website LetterStamper and on this Stampboards thread.

A few notes on Act references

In earlier eras, Acts were generally not referred to by anything as straightforward as a name or calendar date. When referred to in subsequent legislation, and sometimes elsewhere, the full title or "long title" as stated at the beginning of the Act was used. These titles could sometimes be several lines long, especially where the Act served a number of purposes - e.g. "An Act to repeal the Exemption from Toll granted for or in respect of Carriages with more than Two Wheels, carrying the Mail in Scotland; and for granting a Rate for Postage, as an Indemnity for the Loss which may arise to the Revenue of the Post Office from the Payment of such Tolls" - and are quoted here where we have a record of them.

However, the more usual method was an abbreviated reference of the form (e.g.) "53 Geo 3 c.68". This denotes the "chapter" of the Act (capita in Latin, usually abbreviated "cap" or "c."), i.e. the consecutive number of those passed in a particular session of Parliament. The sessions themselves are referenced by the regnal year of the currently reigning monarch, not the calendar year. Regnal years commence from the date of accession of the monarch, so contain parts of two calendar years.

Thus the aforementioned "53 Geo 3 c.68" was the sixty-eighth Act passed in the session of Parliament that took place during the fifty-third year of the reign of George III. Sometimes a session would cross more than one regnal year - so "5 & 6 Will 4 c.25" was the 25th Act passed in the session of Parliament that took place in parts of the fifth and sixth years of the reign of William IV. These abbreviated forms are specified in the list of Acts given here.

The modern convention is to abbreviate the name of the monarch using their English name, represent the chapter as "c.", and to use Arabic numerals throughout. Formerly Latinised forms of the names were often used, and Roman numerals (the latter are still often seen). So for example "5 & 6 Will 4 c.25" (illustrated above) may be seen referred to as "5 & 6 Gul. IV cap.XXV" and intermediate variants (Gulielmi for William).

Occasionally there was more than one session within a regnal year, in which case the chapter numbers ran from 1 for each session and it is necessary to include the session as well, abbreviated "session", "st", or "s." - an example of this would be "24 Geo 3 s.2 c.8".

However, given the complications of the above you may be glad to know that beginning from the 1840s, Acts have generally been given a "short title" to be used as a form of standard citation that is shorter than the full title and clearer than the regnal year reference. Most earlier Acts have been given short titles retrospectively by statute, and they are listed with these in the official Chronological Table of the Statutes published by the Stationery Office. These are used here where available and known. They consist of a few words and the calendar year, e.g. "53 Geo 3 c.68" is the "Postage, etc. Act 1813".

Unfortunately, the same titles have been used more than once for a number of older Acts - e.g. there are three separate Acts listed as the "Postage Act 1825". In the lists here, the chapter number is given after the name when this is this case - this is purely in order to note the situation for the avoidance of confusion, and is not part of the official name of the Act. Occasionally, the stated short title clearly seems to be wrong with reference to the scope of the Act - where this happens, a note has been added.